Contraceptive Birth Control Methods For Men and Women

Many couples who do not wish baby look for contraceptive methods to prevent pregnancy. In this article we will discuss some popular birth control methods.

Condoms are the most widely used birth control device throughout the world. A condom is a thin rubber sheath which unrolls to fit over a man erect penis. It can be used during sexual intercourse between a man and woman to help prevent the woman from becoming pregnant and lower the risk of STDs. It is also useful in early ejaculation because it usually slows up the orgasm. A condom must be put on before the penis touches the vaginal area. It should only be used once. After it has been used it should be wrapped in a tissue and put in a dustbin. They are distributed free of cost at family planning centers.

Diaphragm is a method of contraception for women. It is a thin shallow rubber dome with a flexible rim that fits within the vagina and covers the cervix so sperm cannot reach the uterus. It covers the cervix and works as a barrier stopping sperm from getting into the uterus and fertilizing an ovum.

The woman puts the diaphragm in her vagina before having sexual intercourse. When it is in the right place, neither the man nor the woman can feel it.

To prevent pregnancy, diaphragm is smeared with spermicidal before putting it in. After intercourse it should remain there at least for six hours. She can then it out, dry it and puts it away until she needs to use it again. A physician or a trained nurse can help you to find the diaphragm of correct size and can fit it properly. It can be inserted some hours before coitus. It should not be left in place for more than 24 hours, neither it should be removed at least six hours after coitus. It does not suit all women.

Intrauterine Device (IUD) is a type of contraceptive device that is inserted and left inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. It is a plastic or metal device placed in the uterus and stay there for a few years. They come in many shapes: Rings, Bow, T and X. Each shape has its pros and cons.

This device reduces the chance of the zygote implanting itself in the uterus wall and make intrauterine environment more hostile to sperm because foreign object in the uterus prevent conception. It is easy to insert into the uterus, is cheap and does not interfere with body chemistry and can be left in place for long periods and forgotten except for the occasional check. It is also easy to remove if pregnancy is desired. For some women it is not appropriate because it causes heavier than usual menstrual bleeding, occasional cramps and in a few cases interferes with sexual activity.

There are many more contraceptive methods but the widely used and popular methods are discussed above. Hope the information mentioned here will help you in deciding the most suitable birth control method for you.

Contraceptives – Birth Control

There are numerous constituents that come into action when a specific method for birth control is being determined. Amongst them the main determining factors are the maturity level of the individual and the number of times the sexual act is expected to be performed. All these factors lead to the choice between several contraceptives that are available in the market and have stood the test of time. Some of the most popular ones have been stated in a few words in the following paragraphs.

Amongst the contraceptives the foremost that comes to mind is the birth control pill. It is made up of estrogen and progestin combined or individually of progestin. They have their share of side effects. Smokers are suggested against it owing to an amplified heart disease risk. Further prolonged use can result in obesity, sickness, irregular flow of blood, and gloominess.

Another method that is used for avoiding becoming pregnant at times progestin are injected. It is considered to be a successful and helpful method since it does not take much; the only compulsion is a trip to the health care provider four times in a year for the respective injection. The possible side effects are the same as the pills made up of the same ingredient.

Other than that the diaphragms’ are also quite acceptable and effectual. They are classified according to individual sizes for ensuring a proper fit. It can be worn for six hours continuously without any risks, however leaving them on for more than a day may lead to the threat of toxicity. A cervical cap can also be classified as its kind. It too is sized in order to ensure a proper fitting. It provides protection for two days but is advised not to be worn for that long owing to the production of a stinking smell and a reeking discharge.

Sarfaraz was born and raised in Karachi, Pakistan, surrounded by traffic and technology. He writes mostly about diseases, the storybooks, futuristic columns, mysteries, as he likes to call it. He enjoys writing for web.